The Centenary of China’s 1911 Revolution 辛亥百年現代路

The Centenary of China’s 1911 Revolution 辛亥百年現代路

The Centenary of China’s 1911 Revolution

2010-11 / Total: 23 paintings and 12 woodcut prints / Exhibition: “The Centenary of China’s 1911 Revolution”, three venues (1. The University of Hong Kong; 2. Chung Chi College, the Chinese University of Hong Kong; 3. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology), 2011 / Catalogue: The Centenary of China’s 1911 Revolution, 2011

The 1911 revolution of China (the Xinhai Revolution) put an end to over two millennia of China’s imperial system as the country moved on with the hard struggle for political, social and cultural reforms. Over the past 100 years, Dr Sun Yat-sen, his followers and many political leaders have endeavoured to create epoch-making changes in modern China, but their goals have not been achieved up to now.
Fong So’s series of paintings and woodcut prints on the centenary of the Xinhai Revolution is an artist’s interpretation and reflection of the lifetime of Dr Sun Yat-sen and his legacy. It is an attempt by the artist to explore, through a series of artworks, what China has been through over the past century and what the future holds for Chinese people. Special emphasis is given to the unique role played by Hong Kong during this period.

The exhibition of this series was made possible with venues provided by three universities in Hong Kong in association with their anniversary celebrations:
The University of Hong Kong – 100th Anniversary;
Chung Chi College, The Chinese University of Hong Kong – 60th Anniversary;
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology – 20th Anniversary.

辛亥百年現代路

2010-11 / 作品: 水墨 23 , 木刻版畫 12 / 展覽: 「辛亥百年現代路」, 三個展場 (1. 香港大學, 2. 香港中文大學崇基學院, 3. 香港科技大學), 2011 / 目錄:《辛亥百年現代路》2011

繪製這個系列,因為2011年是辛亥革命一百周年。
辛亥革命結束了中國二千多年的皇朝帝制,奮起扭轉清末的頹敗,直面中國的痼疾,開始了中國的現代化和社會文化的復興,進行政治體制的再造。百多年來,孫中山先生等志士仁人致力開創歷史,但他們的心願至今尚未真正實現。
這個繪畫及版畫系列,展示了一個畫人在回顧孫中山的事蹟及近百年中外的巨變時,箇中的一些觀察和感想。在辛亥革命百周年之際,這個畫作系列探討百年歷程的波折,放眼過去、現在和將來,並且凸顯了香港在百年巨變中的特殊角色。

辛亥百年系列的展覽,由香港三個學府提供展場,而展覽正好配合三校在2011年的校慶──
    香港大學:一百周年
    香港中文大學崇基學院:六十周年
    香港科技大學:二十周年


“Fong painted an outline of Chinese history since the 1911 Revolution. In viewing his Xinhai series we may be able to catch glimpses of the shadows of these historical events refracted in our lives.”
— Louie Kin-sheun, historian; Honorary Research Fellow, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong; Executive Secretary, Lee Hysan Foundation (Catalouge essay “Of History and Man”, 2011)

「方蘇以他的畫筆,繪畫了辛亥革命以來中國歷史的輪廓;我們觀看這些作品,也可以從中窺見這段歷史折射到我們生命之中的一些影子。」
雷競璇 ‧ 歷史學者,香港中文大學香港亞太研究所名譽研究員,利希慎基金執行秘書 (目錄專文《人物與歷史》‧2011)

Cover image
Revisiting Hong Kong 
重訪香港
2011, woodcut 
木刻, 100 x 91.5 cm
Dr Sun Yat-sen revisited Hong Kong in 1923 and give a speech at the University of Hong Kong, in which he told the audience where and how he had got his revolutionary ideas.
孫中山於1923重訪香港,並到香港大學作演講,講述他的革命思想在何處及如何誕生

Project gallery (Please click the image to view it in full)
1. The Late Age 
晚世
2013, ink and colour on paper 
水墨設色紙本, 125 x 96cm
Common folk under Qing rule, with the young Sun Yat-sen (in Qing-style cap) and Chinese calligraphy of a part of his letter to Professor H.A. Giles in 1896 as the background.
滿清末期的普羅眾生。左上角為孫逸仙,並抄錄孫於1896年致劍橋漢學家翟理斯教授函。

2. The Big Bandits 大寇
2010, woodcut 
木刻, 51 x 81 cm
Adapted from an iconic photograph showing Sun Yat-sen with Chen Shaobai, Wang Lieh (also known as Yu Lieh (You Lie)), Yang Heling and Kwan King-leung (Guan Jingliang, Sun’s classmate at the College of Medicine for Chinese in Hong Kong). Inscription: “…I was then living in Hong Kong with Chen, Wang and Yang. We met quite often …and were very close friends. We were only delighted when revolution was the topic of our discussion. And we did so for several years…”.
此圖底本是一張流傳極廣的歷史圖片:孫逸仙與陳少白、尢列(又作尤列)、楊鶴齡稱為「四大寇」,一起合照者為關景良 (孫在香港西醫書院的同學)文:「予與陳、尢、楊三人常住香港,昕夕往還…四人相依甚密,非談革命則無以為歡,數年如一日……

3. The Tsien Shop 乾亨行
2010, woodcut 
木刻, 51 x 76 cm
The Revive China Society (Xingzhonghui), was founded in Hong Kong in 1895. As a camouflage, the Society had its headquarters set up as a shop with the name “Qian Heng”, adopted from I-ching (Yi-jing or The Book of Changes), meaning “heaven prevails”. Some key figures: Yeung Ku-wan (Yang Quyun), Sun Wen (official name of Sun Yat-sen), Tse Tsan-tai (Xie Zantai), Wong Wing-sheung (Huang Yongshang), Chen Shaobai, Zheng Shiliang and Lu Haodong.
香港興中會總會於1895年成立,門面榜乾亨行的招牌。「乾亨」二字出於《易經》:「乾元,奉行天命,其道乃亨。」人物:楊衢雲、孫文、謝纉泰、黃詠商、陳少白、鄭士良、陸皓東。當時興中會所用誓詞考訂為:「驅除韃虜,恢復中華,創立合眾政府……

4. The May Fourth Movement 五四
2011, ink and colour on paper 
水墨設色紙本, 96 x 120 cm
On 4 May 1919, university students in Peking (Beijing) staged a demonstration against the humiliation inflicted on China by the Twenty-one Demands of Japan at the Paris Peace Conference at the end of World War I. Since then, the term ‘May Fourth Movement’ has been, and continues to be, used in a much broader sense to include the student movement as well as the associated revolutionary social, political and cultural ideas of the intelligentsia during that period. Key figures: Chen Duxiu (founder of the magazine The New Youth), Li Dazhao, Cai Yuanpei and Hu Shih (Hu Shi). [Private collection]
1919
54日,因巴黎萬國和會接納日本對華的二十一條,以屈辱加諸中國,北京學生遊行示威。自此,「五四運動」一詞包括了那段時期的學生運動和知識分子的社會政治和文化思想的革新。人物:陳獨秀、李大釗、蔡元培、胡適。[私人藏品]

5. The Deification Process 造神
2011, ink and colour on paper 
水墨設色紙本, 120 x 69 cm
After 1949, Mao Zedong set out to turn China into a socialist state. His reign was marked by purges, reforms and all sorts of political convulsions, coupled with the building of his own personality cult. The deification process reached its zenith during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, continuing until his death in 1976. Even after his death, many of his political modi operandi continued to be embraced by his successors.
毛澤東在1949年宣告建政後,開始將中國轉為蘇式的社會主義國家。在他驅策下,改造、清洗和種種政治運動,無時或已,而且個人崇拜愈演愈烈。他發動的無產階級文化大革命,更把造神運動推到巔峰,至1976年他去世才告一段落。之後,不少毛遺留下來的政治手法可說是依然奉行如故。

6. The Democracy Wall 民主牆
2011, ink and colour on paper 
水墨設色紙本, 69 x 100.5 cm
Rehabilitated after the death of Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping took the helm. In 1978 Deng announced his programme of Four Modernizations (Agriculture, Industry, Defence, Science and technology). Then a young Beijing electrician, Wei Jingsheng launched an unofficial magazine named Tansuo (Exploration), in which he published an article entitled The Fifth Modernization: Democracy and had it posted on Beijing’s Xidan Wall (the Democracy Wall at Xidan). He was subsequently arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison.
鄧小平毛澤東去世後復出,取得實權。1978年,鄧要推行四個現代化 (農業、工業、國防及科技。同年,一個北京的青年電工魏京生出版民刊《探索》,刊發文章,名為「第五個現代化──民主及其他」,貼在北京西單的民主牆上。他隨後被捕,判刑15年。